Gruzenberg Sergei Nikolaevich (Noevich) (1888-1934)

Russian and soviet architect, book illustrator.

Sergey was born in Tiflis. In 1906 he finished school and entered the Department of Architecture of Polytechnic Institute in Munich. After the Institute he worked in Peterburg with the architects Ginger and Fomin. In 1919 he moved to Ekaterinoslav and became the professor of the architecture faculty of Hebrew Polytechnic Institute where he worked till 1921. After that he moved to Moscow.

Gruzenberg was a member of the organization “The World of Art”. He took part in many exhibitions:” The Union of Russian Painters”, “The World of Art” etc, where he exhibited graphics and architecture fantasy. He illustrated such books as “The Decameron”, “One Thousand and One Nights”, Verlen’s poems, Pushkin’s poems, “Admiral Needle” by Sadovskiy, “Five Years of the Soviet regime” etc. He drew for magazines such as “Satirikon”, “Krokodil”, Krasnaya Niva”.

His works were exhibited on the International exhibition of decorative art in Paris in 1925. From 1932 up to his death in 1934 he was an artist of USSR Revolutionary Military Council. In 1920-1930s he worked in the style of constructivism. According to his project the apartment complex of four houses was made in Ivanovo-Voznesensk which formed a community for the factory workers “Krasnaya Talka” (1928-1929). Also an apartment building for textile organizations was built on Lenina Street, 62 and 30-flat house on Pogranichny alley in 1934.

His projects and buildings:

  • The restoration project of the Kunstkamera Museum, Saint Petersburg
  • The restoration project of the “Gallery of Russian Emperors”, Saint Petersburg
  • The monument project of Peter the Great (the first and the second award in the Russian competition), Saint Petersburg
  • “Mausoleum-columbarium of counterrevolution victims in Ekaterinoslavl”
  • Pavilion of the Central Office of Forest Industry (1923, with Langman A.Y.)
  • The project of the factory “Frezer”, Moscow
  • The project of the Institute of Marx and Engels, Moscow
  • The project of the first crematorium, Moscow
  • Ivanovo GRES, Komsomolsk
  • IvGRES town, Komsomolsk
  • IvGRES substation, Ivanovo

The project of the apartment building community between Lenina Avenue, Pogranichny Alley and Bolshaya Komsomolskaya Street, Ivanovo